Maryland has been called \"America in Miniature\" because so much is packed into its 10,460 square miles of land and water. The Maryland Colony was named after King Charles I's wife Queen Henrietta Maria. It is ranked as the 42nd largest state in U.S. Plantations grew tobacco, cotton, corn, vegetables, grains, and fruit. In 1776 the Maryland Colony signed the Declaration of Independence. It originally covered approximately 12 million acres. The Maryland Colony was the last of the 13 colonies to ratify the Articles of Confederation, which it did in 1781. (13 Colonies > Maryland Colony ) This generator generates a random fact from a large database on a chosen topic everytime you visit this page. Interesting Facts One of the original 13 colonies, Maryland lies at the center of the Eastern Seaboard, amid the great commercial and population complex that stretches from Maine to … While we continue to feature destinations that make our state wonderful, please take proper precautions or add … Livestock was also commonly raised in the Maryland Colony. When he died, his wife Diana inherited the business. Even though Maryland is a small state it has great skiing resorts AND beach resorts. Anti-Catholic actions occurred in the colony all the way up until the 18th century. The Province of Maryland—also known as the Maryland Colony—was founded in 1632 as a safe haven for English Catholics fleeing anti-Catholic persecution in Europe. In this video you can find seven little known facts about Maryland. Nicknames given to Maryland over the years include the Free State, and the Old Line State. Maryland - Maryland - The colony: In 1608 the English explorer Capt. The idea for an English colony along the Chesapeake Bay where Catholics could live and worship in peace came from George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore. Maryland’s first public television programs were broadcast on October 5, 1969. And like our country, Mary… The Maryland State House in Annapolis is the oldest state capitol still in continuous legislative use. Facts about Colonial Virginia 7: the important exports. 1683 - Oxford (founded 1683), gained its prominence in colonial days by being mandated in 1694 by Maryland legislation as the first and only port of entry on the eastern shore. In 1962, Maryland became the first state to designate an … Although the settlers in the Maryland Colony grew a variety of crops, the major export was tobacco. Francis Scott Key wrote the National Anthem while watching the bombardment of Fort McHenry during the War of 1812.; During the 1800s, Baltimore served as the second … The name of the colony was taken to honor Queen Elizabeth, the virgin queen. Saint Mary’s County was the first county on August 22, 1666. When you picture a judge, you usually see the billowing black robes reminiscent … The new colony was named after Henrietta Maria, the wife of the king. Maryland planters also made extensive use of indentured servants and penal labor. The Lords Baltimore: Establishing Religious Freedom, The Founding of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, The Founding of North Carolina Colony and Its Role in the Revolution, Colonial Governments of the Original 13 Colonies. Sir Anthony Van Dyck's painting of King Charles I and Queen Henrietta Maria. The 13 original colonies were divided into three regions which included the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies. Yet despite of its small size, Maryland leads in other areas. We’re aware that these uncertain times are limiting many aspects of life. In 1634, a group of Catholics and Puritans sailed across the ocean from England to the new Maryland colony, named after King Charles' wife, Henrietta Maria. Maryland Fun Facts The United States Naval Academy was founded on October 10, 1845 at Annapolis. By 1755, about 40% of Maryland’s population was black. He is the author of "The Everything American Presidents Book" and "Colonial Life: Government.". mrnussbaum.com. However, with an influx of Catholics into Baltimore, laws were once again created to help protect against religious persecution. Counties by Year. When he died, his wife … George and Cecil were the only Roman Catholics in the British Empire's history to be given a colony. Maryland was named after Queen Henrietta Maria of England. PicFacts(1-500) PicFacts(501-1000) PicFacts(1001-1500) This made it easier to grow crops year round but the warmer temperatures made it easier for disease to spread. A historical marker for the Mason–Dixon Line. It is ranked the 19th most populated with more than 5.9 million residents. 1-5 Maryland Facts 1. Facts about The Colony Of Maryland. Many of the counties in Maryland were named for relatives of the Barons Baltimore who were the proprietors of the Maryland colony from its founding in 1634 through 1771. Plantations in the Maryland Colony were dominated by tobacco, and as prices dropped the plantation owners grew to rely heavily on slaves to maximize profits. Keep watching and subscribe, as more states will follow! Get Maryland facts, maps, and pictures in this U.S. state profile from National Geographic Kids. Francis Scott Key wrote the words to "The Star-Spangled Banner" after seeing the flag still waving at … In colonial Maryland, some aspects of life were quite the same as they are now: children went to school, while their mothers and fathers worked hard to … Plantations often included everything they required to be self-sufficient including the main house, slave quarters, a laundry house, smokehouse, a dairy, a blacksmith's shop and several barns. Maryland is the 42nd largest state with only 12,407 square miles. The first Lord Baltimore, a proud Catholic, envisioned the Maryland Colony as a place where English people would have religious freedom. Maryland's signers included Samuel Chase, William Paca, Charles Carroll, and Thomas Stone. The Maryland Colony's first settlement was St. Mary's City, which was built along the Chesapeake Bay. The new colony was named Maryland in honor of Henrietta Maria, the queen consort of Charles I. George Calvert had previously been involved in a settlement in Newfoundland but, finding the land inhospitable, hoped this new colony would be a financial success. Here are 36 Interesting Maryland facts. Get this Flag. It is approximately half that today. The first governor of the colony was Cecil Calvert's brother, Leonard. Paleo-Indians first inhabited what is now the state of Maryland. Francis Scott Key, the author of the National anthem was born on September 14, 1814 in Maryland. The Maryland Colony was one of the Southern Colonies which also included the Virginia Colony, the North Colony, the South Carolina Colony, and the Georgia Colony. Fast Facts: Maryland Colony. Check out this list full of things you may not have known about the state of Maryland. Cecil's father, George Calvert, had received a royal charter for the land from King Charles I. The Maryland Colony was the last of the 13 colonies to ratify the Articles of Confederation, which it did in 1781. ... Maryland was founded as an English colony in 1634 by Cecil Calvert, the second Lord Baltimore. 40. Maryland developed into a plantation colony by the 18th century. The first settlers of the Maryland Colony included a mix of about 200 Catholics and Protestants who had been promised land grants; they arrived on the ships the Ark and the Dove. John Smith sailed into Chesapeake Bay and stayed for several weeks to map the shoreline. Major cities in the Maryland Colony included Baltimore and Annapolis. Interesting Maryland Colony Facts: The Maryland Colony's original name was the Province of Maryland. Maryland History Firsts & State Facts. The Maryland Colony's first settlement was St. Mary's City, which was built along the Chesapeake Bay. Archaeologists have found artifacts … Daryl Davis, a black musician, is credited with dismantling the entire KKK network in Maryland. The Most Important Inventions of the Industrial Revolution. The Maryland Colony was founded as a refuge for English Catholics. Native Americans split control of the region before the arrival of Europeans. The Court of Appeals of Maryland is the only court in the United States whose judges wear red robes. William Nuthead started the first printing business in St. Mary’s City in 1685. Following the Protestant Reformation, Europe experienced a series of religious wars in the 16th and 17th centuries. In 1700 there were about 25,000 people and by 1750 that had grown more than 5 times to 130,000. It shares state borders with West Virginia, Virginia, Washington D.C., Pennsylvania and Delaware. Livestock, fruit, vegetables, corn, tobacco and cotton were some products exported from Colonial Virginia. The black and Gold designs belong to the Calvert family. It was a proprietary colony of Cecil Calvert, the second Lord Baltimore. Cecil Calvert, 2nd Lord of Baltimore, founded Maryland in 1632. Facts about Colonial Virginia 8: the name of the Colonial Virginia. The United States Naval Academy was founded on October 10, 1845 at Annapolis. Their first concert was conducted on February 11, 1916 by Gustav Strube. Tell us in the comments below! The Maryland Colony was founded in 1632 after its charter was approved by King Charles I. State abbreviation/Postal code: Md./MD Nicknames: Free State; Old Line State Origin of name: In honor of Henrietta Maria (queen of Charles I of England) Motto: "Fatti maschii, parole femine" (Manly deeds, womanly words) State symbols: Bird: Baltimore oriole (1947) Cat: Calico (2001) Crustacean: Blue crab (1989) Dinosaur: Astrodon (1998) Dog: Chesapeake Bay Retriever (1964) Fish: Rock fish (1965) Game species: Eastern gra… The Maryland Colony was founded in 1632 after its charter was approved by King Charles I. Major industry in the Maryland Colony included agriculture, iron works, shipbuilding and other manufacturing. Flag adopted 1904. It was the first settlement in the New World to guarantee religious freedom for all Trinitarian Christians. The original Maryland Colony encompassed a lot more land than it does today as the state of Maryland. Naval Academy is located in Annapolis, Maryland. The Maryland Colony was founded as a refuge for English Catholics. The climate in the Maryland Colony was much warmer than in the New England and Middle Colonies. Maryland Colony Facts: Pre-Revolution. Maryland Fun Facts. The settlers arrived at St. Clement's Island on March 25, 1634, and founded St. Mary's City. Interestingly, although the Maryland Colony was ostensibly founded as a refuge for Catholics, only 17 of the original settlers were Catholic. Natural resources in the Maryland Colony included forests, fish, and good farming land. Although the charter had been originally issued to George Calvert, 1. Judges Wear Red. That's because water is almost everywhere in Maryland. Like other settlements in the New World, the Maryland Colony was established as a religious refuge. The Maryland Colony article provides important information and interesting facts at a glance via the fast Facts File about the Maryland Colony including the date the colony were established, geography, history, the system of government, religion, trade and the economic activities in the Maryland Colony. Maryland Fun Facts and Trivia. The Maryland Colony was founded by Cecil Calvert, Lord Baltimore and others in 1633 at Baltimore. In 1632, he received a charter from King Charles I to found a colony east of the Potomac River. Although it was created as a haven for English Catholics, many of the original settlers were Protestants. He did this by befriending many members, e. PicFacts. 41. Fun Facts about Maryland Counties County Names. Charles I, for his part, was to be given a share of the income that the new colony created. It was the first settlement in the New World to guarantee religious freedom for all Trinitarian Christians. Multiple categories are supported. The State of Maryland is located in the Mid-Atlantic United States region. What Happened to the Lost Colony of Roanoke? Baltimore has a history as interesting and diverse as its citizens. The state of Maryland was named after Queen Henrietta Maria, who was the wife of England King Charles I. Colonial Maryland: Home; History; Daily Life; Interesting Facts; Learn More/Bibliography; An interesting fact about Maryland is that one time tobbaco was considered our currency or we used it as money! Martin Kelly, M.A., is a history teacher and curriculum developer. Over the next 15 years, the number of Protestant settlers steadily increased, and there was fear that religious liberty would be taken away from the Catholic population. Maryland takes its noble roots seriously. The rest were Protestant indentured servants. The Maryland Colony was one of America's first original 13 colonies. To know more about these, here are some interesting facts about Maryland. In 1830 the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company built the first railroad station in Baltimore. ; 1685 - William Nuthead started the first printing business in St. Mary's City in 1685. That same year, Lord Baltimore died, and the charter was given to his son, Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore. In 1649, Maryland passed the Maryland Toleration Act, the first law in the New World designed to encourage religious tolerance. The National Aquarium is located in Baltimore, Maryland. What's your favorite fun fact about Maryland? The colony was established by Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore (also known as Lord Baltimore), who also governed the Colony of Newfoundland and the Province of Avalon. Fun Facts. George Calvert had been stripped of his title as Secretary of State in 1625 when he declared his Catholicism. The Maryland Colony's original name was the Province of Maryland. The Act of Toleration was passed in 1649 by Governor William Stone to protect those who believed in Jesus Christ. Raymond Boyd / Getty Images. Maryland's northern border was established after a legal dispute which resulted in the Mason-Dixon Line in 1763. Although a small state in size, it is the 5th most densely populated U.S. state. In Maryland kids are allowed to drink beer! The red and white design belongs to the Crossland family. The Maryland Colony became a state on April 28. However, this act was repealed in 1654 when outright conflict occurred and the Puritans took control of the colony. The Baltimore Symphony Orchestra was the first orchestra to in the U.S. to have municipal support. ... 13 Colonies Facts: Lesson for Kids 3:54 It is bordered by Pennsylvania on the north and by Chesapeake Bay and a small piece of Virginia on the south, Delaware and the Atlantic Ocean on the east, West Virginia and Virginia on the west. They became heavily involved in the cultivation of tobacco, which was their primary cash crop along with wheat and corn. It is believed that at … The \"America In Miniature\" title also applies to the role Maryland has played in our nation's history, from the founding of the United States to the present. The early settlements in the Maryland Colony often clustered around its rivers and waterways, in particular those that emptied into Chesapeake Bay. The U.S. maryland fun facts and trivia. You can find just about any kind of natural feature here, except a desert. He also wished to found the colony for economic gain. In England, Catholics faced widespread discrimination; for example, they were not allowed to hold public office, and in 1666 they were blamed for the Great Fire of London. Lord Baltimore actually lost his proprietary rights and it was some time before his family was able to regain control of Maryland. Maryland is one of the smallest states in the United States, covering only 12,407 sq miles. Maryland is … Parts of the original Maryland Colony eventually became other states as Maryland ceded land that became part of Pennsylvania, and the District of Columbia. Interesting facts about Maryland Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States . Legal dispute which resulted in the 16th and 17th centuries the 13 original Colonies were divided into regions. Original settlers were Protestants England King Charles I were some products exported from Colonial Virginia 8: important... 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